Anal Fissures are tears in the skin around the anus. They are usually caused by severe constipation, with passage of hard stool along with straining tears the skin. They can be very painful, usually described as sharp burning or tearing pain while having a bowel movement. The pain is primarily due to spasms in the nearby sphincter muscle. Most anal fissures will heal on their own with proper bowel management.
For the best experience on htmlWebpackPlugin. Surgery may be needed if medicine fails to heal a tear fissure in the anus. The preferred procedure is an internal anal sphincterotomy. A doctor makes a small incision in the internal anal sphincter, one of two muscles that control the anus.
Anorectal surgery is well tolerated. Rates of minor complications are relatively high, but major postoperative complications are uncommon. Prompt identification of postoperative complications is necessary to avoid significant patient morbidity. The most common acute complications include bleeding, infection, and urinary retention. Pelvic sepsis, while may result in dramatic morbidity and even mortality, is relatively rare.
An anal fissure fissure-in-ano is a small, oval shaped tear in skin that lines the opening of the anus. Fissures typically cause severe pain and bleeding with bowel movements. Fissures are quite common in the general population, but are often confused with other causes of pain and bleeding, such as hemorrhoids. Anal fissures can occur at any age and have equal gender distribution. A small number of patients may actually have fissures in both the front and the back locations.