Did you know that Africa, which covers over 30 million square kilometres, is bigger than the USA, Canada and India together? Find a clickable Africa map here. Largest Country : Algeria. This country is among the ten largest countries in the world. The most populous country in Africa, however, is Nigeria, with more than million people, but the country is only a third of the size of Algeria.
Facts about Africa
Freedom of information in Africa | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
Africa , the second largest continent after Asia , covering about one-fifth of the total land surface of Earth. The continent is bounded on the west by the Atlantic Ocean , on the north by the Mediterranean Sea , on the east by the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean , and on the south by the mingling waters of the Atlantic and Indian oceans. Paradoxically, the coastline of Africa—18, miles 30, km in length—is shorter than that of Europe , because there are few inlets and few large bays or gulfs. Off the coasts of Africa a number of islands are associated with the continent. Of these Madagascar , one of the largest islands in the world, is the most significant. The continent is cut almost equally in two by the Equator , so that most of Africa lies within the tropical region, bounded on the north by the Tropic of Cancer and on the south by the Tropic of Capricorn.
It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Indian Ocean to the west and the Mediterranean Sea to the north. The longest river in the World, The Nile, measuring 6, km — flows north ending in a delta that empties into the Mediterranean Sea. The Atlas mountain range lies in the north-west of Africa and the highest mountain, Kilimanjaro, m, is in Tanzania. The seasons are fairly well defined in those regions that lie in the northern and southern hemispheres — the north and south of Africa. The seasons of western, central and eastern Africa are less easy to define since these regions lie between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn and tend to have a more constant temperature range throughout the year.